|T-72 Khorramshahr tank, the most advanced Iranian tank to date?|
Pretty much every locally made weapon system is based on foreign technology, which has been reverse engineered as good as possible. Iran has created three prototype versions of the Zulfiqar (Zolfaqar) main battle tank (MBT) based on technology from the M47/M48/M60 Patton tanks and the Soviet T-72M1/S MBT. It is unknown if and to which extend the Zulfiqars have actually entered service.
The rare Khorramshahr tank (only one prototype?) is probably still the best Iranian tank, mating the welded turret of a T-80UD/T-84 including Kontakt-5 reactive armor with a T-72S hull.
The Sabalan seems to feature a rather advanced fire control system (FCS) for Iranian standards, it seems to be identical to that of the Zulfiqar 1 prototype tank. The Zulfiqar 1 is fitted with the EFCS-3 FCS from the Slovenian company Fotona. This computerized system allows accurate firing on the move and featurs a laser rangefinder, "second generation" nights sights and an independent sight for the tank commander, which is fitted to the commander's cupola.
|The new Tiam tank prototype uses the Sabalan hull|
|The Tiam is protected by steel armor and Kontakt-1 ERA|
It's intereting to see wether the Tiam will end a single prototype like the Sabalan or enter service in a bigger number. Compared to the M47 it's quite an upgrade, but compared to modern vehicles it's mostly 30 years outdated technology.